There are Millions of sea creatures in the ocean, some uses defensive and some uses offensive way to survive in the food chain. Among Offensive sea creatures some uses mechanical and some uses chemical ways to hunt and survive. Here in this article we will discuss about Top Five Most Poisonous Sea Creatures which uses some sort of chemical (Venom) as their first way of attack.
Top 5 Most Poisonous Sea Creatures
There are more than a million (may be even more) creatures in the Ocean only. Some are discovered, some are still waiting to be discovered. We have included only those Sea creatures which are known to the scientific community. There may be more venomous creatures which are still waiting to be discovered.
5. The Xanthid Crab
At number 5 of the most poisonous sea creature is the Xanthid crab. This crab is not venomous so to say, but rather poisonous. The poison is toxic and lethal when consumed. Being a poisonous invertebrate, its toxin cannot be destroyed by cooking or heating it. The poison paralyzes body organs leading to a coma and death within minutes. There is no antidote, and once you ingest this crab your chances of survival are close to nothing.
4. Sea Snakes
When we hear the name snake, our body shivers. There are more than a thousand of species of snakes, some are venomous, some not, some live at land, some at water, and some at deep-sea. Most of the deep-sea snakes are venomous because they need to hunt at a hostile condition (as snakes are not amphibious and they need air to survive). To kill their food quickly they have evolved some extremely effective neurotoxic venom which kills small fishes within seconds. Sea snake need this strong venom so that their food don’t go away from them. Sea snake is 4th most poisonous sea creature. Generally sea-snake don’t bite human, but if they get trapped then they can use their venom to survive.
3. The Blue-Ringed Octopus
At only 7cm in length, this creature is an apex ocean dweller. Blue Ringed Octopus contains venom sufficient to kill 20 adults in a matter of minutes. Victims will normally feel a little pain when stung which quite often is ignored. But it can cause respiratory failure, muscle paralysis and considering the non availability of anti-venom, death can be within minutes. Technically it’s not venomous as it’s venom comes from millions of bacteria which live in the blue spot, so in that way it is poisonous. Blue-Ringed Octopus is 3rd among most Most Poisonous/Venomous Sea Creatures in the world.
2. Irukandji Jellyfish
This venomous jellyfish produces the most pain ever known to men. Smearing vinegar to the stung area as soon as possible before seeking medical attention is the best way to escape death, but even though you won’t be off the hook. For it’s frequent interaction with human, and due to the effectiveness of venom is 2nd in our Top Five Most Poisonous Sea Creatures list.
1. Sea Wasp Jellyfish
Another species of the Box jellyfish, the sea wasp is the most poisonous animal in the world. The sea wasp has up to 60 tentacles each capable of killing an adult human. It’s the second leading cause of marine-related deaths after the crocodile. A sting will release toxin venom that will cause excruciating pain, nerve damage and cardiac arrest. Death is at a record-breaking 1 minute from the time of sting. In most cases, victims drown before reaching medical attention ashore. As this is most venomous animal in the world (in terms of effectiveness of venom, and No. of adult human it can kill) so it’s obvious that it will top the list of Most Poisonous/Venomous Sea Creatures.
There are other extremely poisonous sea creatures such as Sting ray, Stone fish, Lion Fish, and some other species of Jellyfish which couldn’t make into our list, but their venom is still dangerous enough to have them mentioned in footnote.
If you feel a particular Poisonous Sea creature deserves place in our list, please share it’s name, and effectiveness of venom/poison in the comment section.